History[ edit ] Malleable iron was used as early as the 4th century BCE, and malleable iron artifacts have been discovered by archaeologists between 4th century BCE and 9th century CE in China. He discovered that iron castings which were too hard to be worked could be softened by packing them into iron ore or hammer slag and exposing them to high temperature for a number of days. Creating malleable iron began in the United States in when Seth Boyden started a foundry for the production of harness hardware and other small castings. Incorrectly considered by some to be an “old” or “dead” material, malleable iron still has a legitimate place in the design engineer’s toolbox. Malleable iron is a good choice for small castings or castings with thin cross sections less than 0. Other nodular irons produced with graphite in the spherical shape can be difficult to produce in these applications, due to the formation of carbides from the rapid cooling. Malleable iron also exhibits better fracture toughness properties in low temperature environments than other nodular irons, due to its lower silicon content. The ductile to brittle transition temperature is lower than many other ductile iron alloys.
How to Date Wagner Cast Iron Cookware
It is fun to learn the history and origin of old cast iron cookware. It can also be a huge learning curve. Here are tips to help you with your research as you venture into the world of vintage cast iron skillet identification.
Dating Wagner Cast Iron – The Kitchen Professor How Old Is My Wagner Cast Iron Skillet? I would say the s – early s made cast iron cookware is still pretty darn good and probably some of those pieces are better than what you can get today.
Wagner Manufacturing started business in in Sidney, Ohio. It manufactured cast iron and tried other products over the next century, including brass and aluminum. Randall Company purchased Wagner Manufacturing in , and Griswold, its biggest competitor, in Wagner Ware markings help identify the era of production, but because of reproductions, confirmation is necessary. Look for the oldest Wagner items by name and patent dates. Many items have patent dates in the mold, and this helps identify Wagner markings.
Watch for quality cast iron cookware. Wagner made molded cast iron with a polished exterior and interior, and the best production was from to An article in “The Kansan” reports that manufacturers of cast iron during that period polished it in a drum or turned it on a lathe to make cooking surfaces smooth.
Cast Iron Skillet – A Guide to Everything You Need to Know
Basically, steel is an iron-carbon alloy that does not undergo eutectic reaction. In contrast, cast iron does undergo eutectic reaction. Too little carbon content leaves pure iron quite soft, ductile, and weak. Carbon contents higher than those of steel make a brittle alloy commonly called pig iron. While iron alloyed with carbon is called carbon steel, alloy steel is steel to which other alloying elements have been intentionally added to modify the characteristics of steel.
Read a little more about the history of Wagner Cast Iron and even Griswold Cast Iron In many cases, we cannot determine the exact date that a piece of cookware was made. Unfortunately.
Daniel Gritzer] Serious Eats has become a pretty great resource for cast iron cooking, thanks to some of the articles Kenji has written on the topic, from recipes to care and maintenance guides as well as some serious myth busting. One of the wonders of cast iron is that it’s tough as nails, and can last for generations. For those looking to take their cast iron cooking to the next level, a nice piece of vintage cookware is a pretty sweet first step.
It’s not that the vintage stuff is worlds better than the modern pans available today—the smoother finish characteristic of very old cast iron provides only marginally better non-stick properties. But, for those of us nerdy enough to get excited about the details, vintage cast iron has a lot going for it. First, it tends to be lighter than its modern equivalents, which, if you use cast iron regularly, can start to make a difference in your quality of life at the very least, your back will thank you for it.
Second, it has that smooth finish, a final production step from long ago that was eventually dropped in favor of manufacturing speed and efficiency. Aside from the small improvement in non-stick qualities that the smooth surface does offer, it’s also just a heck of a lot more beautiful to look at. But perhaps the best thing about vintage cast iron pans is the past they connect us to—those pans go back to a period of American history dating from the mid s to the early s when cast iron was a serious industry, not just for pans but steam radiators and wood-burning stoves, bridges and even buildings the Serious Eats headquarters is just blocks from SoHo, home to an amazing collection of 19th century cast-iron architecture.
Once-hot Griswold iron cookware cools off
The data on iron is so consistent that it is often used to calibrate measurements or to compare tests. Maximum hardness of 65 Rc is achieved with a 0. The form of iron that is stable under standard conditions can be subjected to pressures up to ca. Phase diagram and allotropes Main article:
Current techniques have the iron coming in from the side, so look for one or more places on the side of the iron with heavy grinding marks–that is where the iron entered the mold. The grinding was done to get rid of the excess metal from the pour.
Go to our new site: We have a free eBook to help you find the date of your Wagner. Wagner Ware Cast Iron: How old is my Wagner cast iron skillet? Is there a way to date my Wagner cast iron dutch oven? Or even my Griswold skillet? It is not an easy answer and there are a few factors to consider. So, first off there is a line of demarcation for collectible cast iron cookware. I would say the s — early s made cast iron cookware is still pretty darn good and probably some of those pieces are better than what you can get today.
Read a little more about the history of Wagner Cast Iron and even Griswold Cast Iron… In many cases, we cannot determine the exact date that a piece of cookware was made. We can come pretty close to a range of dates once we understand a little bit about the manufacturing of the cookware.
Vintage Cowboy and Old West Saddles, Chaps, Gun Holsters & Other Relics & Collectibles
Iron, Cast and Forged Iron 3 Pictured above, one forged, flesh fork from Maine, another from Pennsylvania and a betty lamp from the Boyle collection. The Blacksmith’s Art Before the machine age the village blacksmith was indispensable in the community. He was a man who could make or mend the tools needed to survive. In America there was an abundance of iron ore available close to the surface that could be mined.
A gate mark appears as a raised scar or slash across the bottom of pans. Gate marked pans typically do not have the manufacturer’s name on them. Gate marked pans are the oldest of the old cast iron cookware; almost certainly antique. The gate mark is a remnant of the .
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Our Editors Love These 6 Kitchen Tools—But Not for the Reasons You Think
She is the girlfriend of Donald Duck and best friend of Minnie Mouse. Daisy has Donald’s temper, but has far greater control of it and tends to be more sophisticated than her boyfriend. Contents Background Personality Particularly in her early appearances, Daisy is shown to be a loving girlfriend; always there for Donald, but always having the tendency to nag in an attempt to change his ways for the better.
She has faith that her boyfriend is a good person despite his flaws, and uses their relationship as a means to better Donald’s health and well-being, specifically in regards to his temper ” Donald’s Double Trouble “, ” Donald’s Dinner Date “. She has even been known to hype Donald up to Minnie and the others ” Captain Donald “. Even so, Daisy has been guilty of unleashing the same kind of rage on Donald, when he upsets her in some way ” Cured Duck “.
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They said they wanted something more like the blog. Here it is on the blog. Heavy Metal Cast Iron Intro: The cast-iron skillet quickly became an icon of American cooking. The science of cast iron shows how these advantages work. Cast Iron as a Pan Material: The popular wisdom that cast iron cookware provides even heat is misleading. A cast iron skillet placed on a gas burner will develop distinct hot spots where the flame touches the pan. The pan will heat very unevenly, because cast iron is a relatively poor heat conductor compared to materials like aluminum and copper.
Wiki page “Finery Forge” does not exist.
Order Reprint of this Story January 27, Brushed stainless steel, triple-ply stainless, enameled cast iron or enamel on steel are what gourmet cooks covet – even though some are costlier than a new range top. But if you have an old cast-iron skillet in your cabinet, it’s more valuable than you might think. Since the s, the cookware choice for many cooks is cast iron, and an early Griswold or Wagner item can bring hundreds of dollars if it’s in top-notch condition. Be the first to know.
The original Wagner Manufacturing Company made quality cast iron cookware in the United States for over a century before closing in This impressive feat has resulted in a wide range of Wagner cast iron goods on the market, and many of them are available in the vast inventory on eBay.
The decision has been made to remove Cast Iron Canada as an entity from Facebook. We will be going back to a chat forum based system, and staying with it. When the forum and other interactive software is ready to go, the facebook group will be shut down. The forum is ready to go — it has google translate built in, so interacting in French or any other language will be seamless. Bear with me as I put this site together. Lots of new and unknown examples of Canadian hollow ware have shown up in the last couple of years, but there is much more missing.
There is a serious lack of iron in Canada, so far over stove manufacturers are known to exist and at least an additional that made hollow ware. Where is all the iron? Many of these hollow ware manufacturers have zero examples to go by — and this is the reason your pictures are so important. If you have any iron that is marked or unmarked, please forward some good detailed pictures to admin castironcanada.
Many of the web pages on the main site are going to be articles clipped from catalogs or journals that were found online — if you feel something is posted in error, please feel free to let the admin know. I am trying my best to NOT reproduce without clear links to the original, but I may miss a few. If you see pictures that you took of your own cookware — many of the pictures that are shown have been obtained through google images.
To those that have responded to my cross Canada ads requesting pictures, thank you very much to you as well — People have been wonderful and helpful.